By Philippa Mein Smith
New Zealand was once the final significant landmass, except Antarctica, to be settled through people. the tale of this rugged and dynamic land is fantastically narrated, from its origins in Gondwana a few eighty million years in the past to the twenty-first century. Philippa Mein Smith highlights the results of the country's smallness and isolation, from its overdue cost via Polynesian voyagers and colonisation via Europeans and the exchanges that made those humans Maori and Pakeha to the dramatic struggles over land and up to date efforts to regulate international forces.
A Concise background of latest Zealand areas New Zealand in its international and nearby context. It unravels key moments the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the Anzac touchdown at Gallipoli, the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior exhibiting their position as nation-building myths and connecting them with the fewer dramatic forces, fiscal and social, that experience formed modern New Zealand.
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Extra resources for A Concise History of New Zealand (2nd Edition) (Cambridge Concise Histories)
With the rise of Darwinism in the late nineteenth century, the concept of Caucasian Maori replaced the biblical idea of Semitic Maori. Edward Tregear, a surveyor and public servant, claimed that Maori and European shared an Aryan origin in The Aryan Maori (1885). This idea persisted with the flowering of the eugenics movement. In 1938 Te Rangi Hiroa (Sir Peter Buck), Director of the Bishop Museum in Honolulu, published his popular Vikings of the Sunrise. Buck bestowed mana on the portrayal of Polynesian navigators as Vikings of the Pacific since he was Maori, a medical graduate and a professional anthropologist, who joined the ranks of international scholars.
As explorer and surveyor, he commanded new technologies, and expanded the contemporary information age by publishing his journals. A plain man, he upgraded homely virtues to evoke professionalism and skill, just in time to become the ‘new hero of free and civilised trading’. He embodied the parallel breakthroughs in European printing and exploration, the innovation by a ‘large class of mechanical tinkerers’ that produced the ‘European miracle’ of economic development and made the British Empire.
He more than fulfilled his instructions, to observe the transit of Venus in Tahiti; to proceed to discover the southern continent; and if that failed, to explore the coast of Tasman’s New Beachcrossers 1769–1839 27 Zealand. ‘He was the genius of the matter of fact’, a ‘profoundly competent’ seaman, ‘completely professional’ as an explorer; but above all a navigator, who discovered and mapped the country for Britain. He was also humanitarian. Aware that Cook was different on his third voyage, harsh, with outbursts of rage, Beaglehole attributed this conflicting evidence to a physical cause.